Monthly Archives: July 2017

The 14th Amendment Solved One Citizenship Crisis, But it Created a New One

My research into early 19th century citizenship debates has long resonated for me with today’s wrangling over the status of unauthorized immigrants. Here, for the Washington Post’s “Made By History” series, I tell the long story of how the 14th … Continue reading

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Before Frederick Douglass: William Watkins Speaks for Black Americans on Independence Day. July 4, 1831.

On the 4th of July, Independence Day in the United States, Frederick Douglass’s “What to the Slave is the 4th of July” circulates widely. In my own research, I’d come across a similar oration by Baltimore’s William Watkins. I wrote … Continue reading

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